The Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (ITEM) located in Hannover, Germany contributes to the project with two departments; Inhalation Toxicology and Genetic Toxicology & Epigenetics. Dr. Otto Creutzenberg leads the  Department of Inhalation Toxicology.  Dr. Christina Ziemann is head of the Department of Genetic Toxicology & Epigenetics.  The institute has a long experience in toxicological testing of particles and fibres, including MWCNT.  Expertise in inhalation toxicity and genotoxicity studies largely contribute to the present project.