The Fraunhofer Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (ITEM) located in Hannover, Germany contributes to the project with two departments; Inhalation Toxicology and Genetic Toxicology & Epigenetics. Dr. Otto Creutzenberg leads the Department of Inhalation Toxicology. Dr. Christina Ziemann is head of the Department of Genetic Toxicology & Epigenetics. The institute has a long experience in toxicological testing of particles and fibres, including MWCNT. Expertise in inhalation toxicity and genotoxicity studies largely contribute to the present project.